High Glucose Levels
There are several underlying reasons why you have high glucose levels in your blood. You can either have diabetes mellitus, or it can be the action of some drugs you have been taking like beta blockers, or it can be caused by a critical illness, physiological stress or lastly - pregnancy.
High Glucose Levels during Pregnancy
High glucose during pregnancy is also called gestational diabetes. The high glucose level occurs because of the various hormones acting up to block the usual action of insulin during pregnancy. This action is necessary in order for the expectant mother supply the enough sugar needs of the growing baby inside her. If the body's insulin production can't meet the body's demand, high glucose serum will occur which then leads to gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes or high glucose levels during pregnancy usually occurs at the second half of it. This condition will go away right after the delivery. Concern should be given if the new mother somehow has high level of glucose even after giving birth. This often means that she is starting to develop a lifelong condition called type 1 diabetes.
Usually gestational diabetes is not symptomatic or bothersome although some pregnant women often complain of several symptoms associated with hyperglycemia like thirst, frequent urination and feeling tired.
The causes of this type of condition can be attributed to several factors like a family history of gestational diabetes, previously delivered babies that weigh more than 4.5kg, obesity, and/or the mother is experiencing polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS.
Having known these causes, now it's time for you to be aware of the complications. Gestational diabetes in itself is not a life threatening condition but it puts you at risk with other grave threats like pre-eclampsia, premature labor and excessive amniotic fluid. These mentioned complications will make it highly possible for a caesarian delivery instead of a normal one.
On the other hand, the baby can also be affected by this condition. Having this high level of glucose in the mom's blood can make the baby's size larger than usual. Delivery can be difficult because of the size and several risks are also present like shoulder dystocia. Other risks also include birth defects, jaundice, obesity and still births.
In order for the expectant mother to be sure of her condition, it is advised to have her blood checked by a professional. The condition can be easily diagnosed by a glucose tolerance test. This is usually done in the morning after the patient was advised not to eat anything over night. The doctor will then give a glucose solution for the patient to drink. Afterwards, blood samples are taken at different stages in order to determine the body's reaction towards the glucose solution.
When the diagnosis is positive for gestational diabetes, the pregnant woman will most likely be referred to a specialist of such condition and it is very important to check your blood sugar levels. Healthy diet and exercise are usually advised to patients with high glucose. It is best to ask the dietician or physician for the activities and food recommendations.