High Glucose Causes - Genetic, Lifestyle, Measuring Mistakes

In most cases, high glucose level causes are about the proper function of insulin, the hormone produced by the pancreas and used by the body cells to absorb glucose from the blood stream and convert it into energy. There are 2 major groups of cases when the work of insulin becomes impaired leading to elevated blood sugar and, later, diabetes. In the first group, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. In the second group, the body cannot properly use the insulin for glucose uptake and conversion into energy.

Cause 1. Problems with Pancreas

Elevated glucose levels and later diabetes of type 1 develop in people with pancreas problems. A malfunctioning pancreas in unable to produce sufficient insulin in response to raised glucose in the blood stream. As a result, proper glucose uptake does not happen, a person lacks energy while having elevated blood glucose. Patients with impaired pancreas fucntion don't necessarily develop insulin resistence, have excess weight or eat a lot of high-glucose and high-glycemic good.

These pancreas problems include:

  • Auto-innume pancreas disease. In most cases, the condition first occurs in childhood, the 2 peaks are between 4 and 7 years old and between 10 and 14 years old, and for this reason is often called juvenile diabetes. The beta cells of the pancreas that make insulin get damaged by the body's immune system which normally attacks viruses and bacteria but not its own body tissues. Over time, so many cells are destroyed that the pancreas can no longer produce enough insulin. The hazard of this condition is that it does not depend on a person's diet, weight or lifestyle and for this reason may be undetected for a long period and is only detected when high glucose symptoms develop. Genetic factors are of great importance so anyone who has a falimy history of auto-innume pancreas impairment should be particulary cautios. People with DT1 have to take artificial insulin every day. Today, the possibilities to restore the natural function of the pancreas are being developed and tested. In certain cases the innume attack may be triggered by virus infections, vaccination or lack of vitamin D.

  • Inflammatory processes in pancreas known as pancreatitis.

Cause 2. Insulin resistence

Unlike pancreas disease related causes, insulin resistance in most cases depends on one's lifestyle and diet and results in type 2 diabetes. Aggravating factors are: chronic stress and lack of physical activity. Insulin resistence often develops in obsese patients, this is an acquired condition that developes over years or even decades. The good news is that the condition can be controlled or even reversed with the help of diet and by means of physical activities. Insulin resistence develops when blood sugar homeostasis is disrupted because the body continuosly has to manage more sugar than:

  1. it can uptake with the help of insulin
  2. your liver can store in the form of glycogen, a starchy sugar type which is converted back into glucose for the brain in fasting periods
  3. the muscles can use and store for the fasting periods.

When insulin, liver and muscles together are unable to lower blood sugar, the excess glucose is stored in the form of fat tissue. As a result, the pancreas has to produce even more insulin but insulin receptors than enable the work of insuin for energy convertion become impaired for a number of reasons, including inflammatory processes caused by excess fat tissues. In the end, even with high insulin levels the blood glucose count remains high and the body does not get energy.

Historical and geographic factors

Some nationalities develop diabetes faster than others. For example, eskimos historically accomodated to survive on fatty fish, meat and animal fats, or sometimes even raw blood, are not ajusted to process rapid rises of blood glucose with sugar and refined foods. As a result, many eskimos (Yup’ik Eskimos, in particular) now suffer from elevated blood sugar and metabolic syndrom. 1 diabetes tends to occur more often as you move away from the equator. Possibly, because in regions closer to equator people are naturally able to produce more insuling in order to process sugars available in fruit, where as in regions far from equators sugars are not so widely available.

Measure your blood sugar correctly!

In some cases, concerns about high blood glucose arise from measuring mistakes. You should know how, when and what for blood glucose levels are meausered and what testing systems are used.

Glucose Health Basics: